In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body i.e. in vitro. IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves monitoring a woman's ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The fertilised egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. The first successful birth of a "test tube baby", Louise Brown, occurred in 1978. Robert G. Edwards, the physiologist who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010.
IVF is the original test-tube baby technique and today the most widely practiced assisted conception procedure in the world. The aim of drug treatment in IVF unlike that of ovulation induction is to generate a large number of eggs, which are then removed from the ovary for fertilization in the laboratory. After a day or two, a small selection of the resulting embryos (upto three, but usually two) are transferred to the womb for implantation and pregnancy. Although IVF treatment was developed to treat couples whose principal cause of infertility is tubal damage. The technique has also been found useful in those with endometriosis. Some sperm disorders (poor sperm counts or morphology) and even unexplained infertility studies indicate that the expectation of pregnancy from one cycle of treatment is around 25 percent and the chance of delivery slightly less. Chance of having a baby from IVF treatment is about 40-50%. Most studies have shown that pregnancy rates are reduced in women after the age of 35 which is why infertility specialists encourage couples to act quickly when the female partner is already in her early thirties.
Contact us for IVF treatment in Kolkata. We are the leading IVF Clinic in Kolkata, West Bengal
We are the leading Infertility Treatment and IVF Clinic in Kolkata and are internationally recognized as a centre of excellence. At the helm is our Director - Dr. Sudarsan Ghosh Dastidar, a man with over 30 years of experience in this subject.